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    अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न

    The Buyer App and Seller App enter into a Transaction level contract at the time of order confirmation basis which the Buyer App is obligated to make payments to the Seller App. In addition, the Network Participants are required to accept payments in the Nodal Account which ensures the payments are made as per the terms of the transaction level contract. If the seller App is still not getting the payments, he/she may decide to raise the grievance as per the Issue and Grievance framework of ONDC. ondc.org पर चैप्टर 6: समस्या और शिकायत

    ONDC as a network is enabled across India, Buyer apps may choose to be live on few of these pin codes. Also, serviceability on a pin code will depend on specific buyer location in that pin code.

    The different types of fees chargeable for a transaction will be consistent and as per the ONDC protocol. The value of each of the components (like Buyer finder fee) may vary based on the transaction level contract between the participating Network participants at the time of transaction. For detailed view on the different components and how settlement will happen in different scenarios please refer to Chapter 3 Commercial Policies on ONDC website

    Buyers can purchase across multiple categories and services through ONDC enabled Buyer Apps. ONDC has been launched with Grocery, F&B and Fashion categories to start with and is in process of launching new categories.

    All sellers onboarded through any of the Seller Apps are available for search on all Buyer Apps, consequently a buyer will have a wide variety of assortment to choose from on a single app vs going through multiple platform apps for same width of assortment. Additionally, ONDC buyer applications may act as a one stop Applications for all requirements of buyers across different product and service categories like travel, mobility, product purchase.

    To sell on ONDC as a seller you can either join through one of the Seller Apps, please go through the list of Seller Applications and reach out to them through the contact details. In case of a Inventory seller, Logistics provider or Buyer Application wanting to join ONDC network, they can join ONDC as a Network participant, for this please go through the link ONDC Integration Guide on ONDC homepage.

    TCS is not deducted when the cash is directly collected by the seller. For an Inventory seller node Buyer App needs to deduct TCS while for marketplaces Seller Apps have to deduct TCS. (This is basis the FAQ published by CBIC)

    The Seller Apps should provide the invoices and GST related reports from the Seller Apps dashboard. We suggest seller to check with the specific Seller Apps at the time of onboarding discussion.

    ONDC does not charge or recommend any commissions. The commission discussion & agreement is between the seller and seller NP. It is expected that Seller App will charge viable commissions for a category as sellers have choice of joining ONDC through any of the active seller NPs on the ONDC network. The seller also has option of passing the cost of packaging, delivery to the buyer as separate line items from the product selling price.

    ONDC does not have a support line, all buyer issues are to be raised from the Buyer App & sellers to raise all issues on Seller APP. For issues which cannot be resolved by the Network Participants (Buyer App & Seller App) ONDC has established an Issue and Grievance Framework (Chapter 6) which can be utilized by the Participants/Buyers/Sellers for escalating to different levels for resolution.

    ONDC is implementing enablement services such as Catalog as a service after which each seller may not have to invest separately for catalog creation, logistics as a service is also available on network. All these services will help sellers go live and start operating faster.

    ONDC is not a platform/application and will not be doing any Advertisements for sellers.

    Yes, the Seller Participants are expected to have an operations team as per their business volume and requirements to help and guide their sellers to drive performance for higher sales and ratings.

    Please refer to the list under ONDC Compliant Technology Service Providers for tech service providers. ONDC is also working to create an ecosystem of service providers for operational support to Participants. Please connect at [email protected] for more details.

    There are multiple benefits for a Seller on selling through ONDC other than exposure to multiple buyer apps:

    • 1. Ownership of rating - on switching Seller App the seller carries the rating with him/her.
    • 2. Sellers have equal opportunity to sell to end consumers.
    • 3. Sellers can decide for their own terms while choosing a Seller app.
    • 4. Know your customers - access to customer data

    There is no minimum number of seller criteria for being on boarded as a Seller App on ONDC. But having more sellers is suggested to be better as it will result in lower dependence on sales from too few a sellers and also higher overall sales because of likely higher number of SKUs from a wider seller base.

    The seller should be able to correctly execute implementation of ONDC protocols, Security compliance requirements and Operational Security Policy (Chapter 8) directly through its team or through ONDC compliant technology service providers. Please refer to the list of technology service providers under section “ONDC Compliant Technology Service Providers.

    ONDC policy (Chapter 2) clearly states that the buyer App cannot:

    • - Rank any seller unfairly on its application
    • - Unfairly filter a Seller from the search results
    • - Provide Exclusive value-added services to only specific sellers
    • Also as per Ecommerce rules Applications Buyer Apps have to disclose parameter and relative importance for sorting and ranking sellers.

    Yes, the seller is free to register with any seller app. ONDC does not have any restrictions on sellers for registering with a different/multiple Seller App.

    The ONDC protocol allows for logistics to be given as an option to the buyers for selection but the availability of the option on the Buyer Apps depends upon implementation protocol approach taken by the participating Buyer App and Seller App.

    No, a new agreement is not required, one legal entity has to sign one agreement

    Parameters used for sorting search results cannot be communicated through API. It is left up to the Buyer Apps to ensure that the parameters are made public for all Seller Apps, and it can be also through their Buyer App/website.

    It is left up to the Buyer Apps to ensure that the parameters are made public, and it can be also through their Buyer Apps/website.

    Network specifications for running sponsored Ads have not been enabled for buyer apps & seller apps presently. Specifications for this functionality are being built and shall be part of future versions of the protocols.

    The seller cannot directly purchase logistics through the Network. If the current seller App does not provide Logistics facility and seller wants to use network logistics, then the seller should get live through an alternate seller App which is providing on network logistics facility.

    Buyer related data is the proprietary information of the Buyer App. While a seller may run promotional offers for all buyers but promotions which require buyer specific data from buyer apps may not be possible for Sellers.

    The Seller App should create an order for on network logistics after receiving confirm API call from the Buyer App.

    The Seller App will have to fulfill its obligations as per the terms of transaction with the Logistics App. The compensation for the loss from buyer App to Seller App will be handled as per the terms of transaction between these two parties independently.

    The OEM can mention the same under key features or product description section in the catalog, there is no dedicated attribute in the protocol to convey this information.

    If the seller's products are not visible on a Buyer App even after taking all the expected actions and if the seller suspects any favoritism from Buyer Apps the seller may raise it to the Seller Apps. All Buyer Apps are required to follow ONDC policies that require uniform treatment of all sellers in their logic. In addition , continued high fill rates and faster deliveries by sellers will have a direct impact on rating which may be lower than other players and might be impacting seller's sales/visibility.

    Logistics buyer (retail seller) can search for a new Logistics service provider on the network, place the order with them & pass this information to the retail buyer. The logistics quote & TAT provided to the buyer would have to be maintained by the logistics buyer.

    In order to ensure a good experience to sellers during pickup, few important areas wherein the field staff should be educated/trained:

    • - Ensure the field staff is visiting as per the seller open time
    • - Ensure the right size vehicle is going to the pickup location based on the product size/Number of orders.
    • - Ensure the Field staff is connected with the Seller POC in case of problems in reaching the location or in case of delay in reaching the location.

    The delivery fee may change in such a scenario. After the buyer cancels one of the items in the order the Seller App will enter a fresh contract with a logistics partner and pass on the new Delivery information along with the possibly changed Delivery charges to the Buyer Application.

    It is the responsibility of the Seller App to train, educate and ensure that the Sellers are marking products ready to ship so that in case of on network logistics, logistics players can get the information that the order is ready to be picked up from the seller location.

    ONDC recommendation is that the costs in such a scenario must be handled as per the suggestion made under Case No. 2 In the Edge case document.

    The seller will have to exit the agreement with the current Seller App and enter into a fresh agreement with the new Seller App. The seller will also have to deactivate its catalog from the current seller NP and make it live on the new seller App.

    For detailed view on the different components payout and how settlement will happen in different scenarios please refer to Chapter 3 Commercial Policies.

    The Seller Needs to raise ticket with the Seller App from which the order was received with all the proof of damages - copy of Proof of delivery with comment, images/videos of packaging & damaged product. The Seller App will raise it with logistics partner and investigate, if the damage is conclusively proved to have happened due to logistics failure the Logistics App will reimburse the Seller App as per their transaction level contract and the Seller App will subsequently reimburse the seller as per the agreement between the two. In case it is unproven that the product was damaged due to logistics fault the damage cost is suggested to be cost of doing business for the Seller App/Seller.

    The buyer will raise any issue through the Buyer App from which the order was placed/attempted. In case an order id is created, buyer app will provide option of raising issue from the Buyer App interface else the buyer may raise the issue through mail/chat provided on the Buyer Application.

    No, ONDC does not have a central customer service, buyers can raise their concerns through Buyer App. The query will be handled by one of the participating NP based on the type of issue.

    Yes, the NPs must have an Order Status Dashboard in order to track issues at order level and take corrective actions. It is important to ensure that sellers get visibility of all orders on the network and are able to fulfill the orders as per the commitments made during transactions. Failure to meet the order level commitments may impact seller scoring/badging which in turn may impact seller future sales on the network.

    Yes, CRM implementation is a mandatory requirement for NPs in order to seamlessly accept and revert to Buyer issues. Failure to timely resolve/revert to issues raised to the Participant may impact the scoring/badging and result in loss of future business on the Network.

    Any Network Participant who wants to make/receive payments need to have a 'nodal-like account'. Please connect with your bank for further guidance on how to open a 'Nodal-Like account' for the specific bank.

    In the ONDC Network, process flows for payment and settlement for a transaction and refunds will be as provided in the payment and settlement protocol. For detailed payment flow please refer Section 3.4 & Schedule 3A of Chapter 3: Commercial Model.

    For customer returns, the cost of return will be born as per the terms of sale and in most cases will be borne by the Seller App as cost of doing business. In certain edge case it is recommended to be borne as per the suggestions made in case 4,5,6 & 7 on the Edge Case Document.

    Transaction trail for a buyer is maintained through a unique transaction ID created on network, hence it remains same. While the Network Order ID between Buyer App & Seller APP vs Logistics Buyer App & Logistics Seller App should be different for the same buyer order.

    Payout Frequency: It is how often the settlement party initiates payments for disbursement. For example, an entity can have a daily payout Frequency for all orders eligible for payout at the time of release.
    Payout Cycle: It defines, for a particular transaction, at what time frame will the payout become eligible for disbursement. For example, the payout Cycle can be 2 days after the closure of return window.

    This is a matter which has to be resolved between the Band and the seller.

    In case of such abuses by customers the seller must raise the concern with Seller App, if Seller App is not able to provide a satisfactory resolution to the seller, then this can be raised as a Grievance under the IGM Framework. For detailed functioning of the IGM Framework please refer to Chapter 6 under Governance & policies.

    The Buyer Apps are required to show all search results they get from Gateway. If Buyer App is sorting/filtering any of the search results to manage buyer experience, it must declare the criteria to all the Network Participants. Please reach out to Buyer App Grievance Officer for details of criteria.

    ONDC has no say in the Buyer App or seller app commission being charged. Meanwhile the sellers have complete freedom of choosing the Seller App they want to work with, similarly Seller App may choose to not accept the transaction request if the Buyer App commission is not acceptable to it.

    The Buyer Apps are required to disclose the weightage of each parameter being used to filter/sort sellers so that every seller has equal visibility and opportunity. The ONDC policy which describes this in detail is [Ch 2 (Business Rules): 2.3.3(j)&(k), 2.3.4, 2.4.6] & also mandated under the E commerce rules.

    The seller may reach out to the Seller App for resolution of his/her issue or can raise a concern as per the Issue and Grievance Management (IGM) Framework created by ONDC. Please go through chapter 6 on ondc.org for understanding how IGM will work.

    Buyer Apps are required to provide functionality for buyers to raise concerns/issues from the Buyer Application interface and also provide contact number/email for reaching out to the Buyer app for raising issues. All buyer issues are to be resolved by the Network Participants, ONDC will have no say in such issues. ONDC has provided an Issues & Grievance management framework to solve all such issues. The framework can be found as chapter 6 under https://ondc.org/governance-and-policies/.

    ONDC is a not-for-profit organization. At present ONDC is not charging any fee but in future ONDC may charge the Network participants a nominal fee to sustain its operations. The basis and quantum of fees have not yet been decided.

    Any seller registering with any one of the Seller Apps will be visible across all the Buyer Apps connected to the Network. There is no added advantage of going live through multiple Seller Apps, although the seller may choose to register with multiple Seller Apps.

    There is no cost of getting the API for Seller and Buyer Apps.

    At this point of time the payment gateway cannot integrate with the ONDC Network, the payment gateway has to integrate with the Buyer Applications.

    The logistics service provider does not need to register with the Seller Apps but go through the NP integration Journey (Refer Integration guide on ondc.org) and use ONDC API/protocols to connect with ONDC network as a Network Participant.

    ONDC does not store or maintain any buyer data at its end.

    No, to join the network as a Network Participant, the entity has to be permitted to engage in e-commerce. E-commerce rules say that to do e-commerce one has to be a company incorporated under the Companies Act. However, Companies Act 2013 allows the formation of One Person Companies (OPCs). OPCs, being companies incorporated under the Companies Act 2013, can engage in E-commerce therefore OPCs can join as Network Participants

    There are 2 ways to join as seller on ONDC network:

    • 1. Get onboarded through one of the existing seller applications on the network (please go to the LINK to see list of Seller Applications).
    • 2. Create your own Seller Application and join ONDC.Else, if seller does not wish to build an application from scratch, they can engage with a TSP who has an ONDC compliant App. Please refer to ONDC Integration Guide for more details.

    Seller App, through which seller joins the network, may charge a certain commission to the seller. The commission is an arrangement between the seller and Seller App and ONDC has no say in it. The seller may choose the Seller App offering the most favorable commercial terms as per the seller’s assessment.If a seller creates its own seller App through the services of a Technology service provider, the terms of the service will be as per agreement between the two parties.

    All products will be available for display across all Buyer App on the ONDC network. Buyer searches on any of the Buyer Apps connected to the ONDC protocol, the search is broadcasted to different Seller Apps through the gateway, Seller app will send responses that meet the search criteria and buyer apps will display such responses to the buyer. While displaying the results, buyer app may apply sorting criteria as per which products of particular seller may appear on top while of others will be lower in the listing view. The parameter used for sorting search results must be made public. Sellers may improve their listings by improving on/complying with the Buyer App parameters for ranking higher in the listing view.

    There are two aspects regarding GST:

    • 1. Currently, under the CGST Act, all suppliers of products and services except those exempted under section 9(5) must have a GST registration to sell through an E commerce operator.
    • 2. However, for future, in the 47th meeting of GST council it was decided that sellers without a GST registration will also be allowed to sell their goods (not services) through e commerce operators as long as the supply is Intra state and annual turnover of the seller is below 40 lakhs (This is expected to come in force in October 2023). PAN will still be required in such future scenario.

    Buyer apps may allow their buyers to place order on Prepaid only, COD only or both. Similarly, sellers may allow products to be sold under Prepaid only, COD only or both. If buyer wants to make COD payment and seller and buyer app both have also made product available on COD, then the buyer will be able to place the order under COD.

    For an order the seller has two choices for delivery:

    • a. Seller can decide to ship on its own through its employee/agent, have an arrangement with third party logistics providers (Off Network) to ship the product, or else
    • b. Seller can obtain the logistics service through the Network from the logistics provider apps registered on the Network (On Network). The shipping cost for that order will be quoted by the logistics provider.

    If the order is prepaid, then in most cases payout is expected after the return window of the order is closed. The Seller App will settle with the Seller basis the agreement between the two parties.

    Yes, the invoice has to be generated for every order. The invoice for every order should be placed inside the packaging. Also, buyers prefer that digital copy of the invoice is provided to them. For this sellers/ seller apps are encouraged to build systems for generation of digital copy of invoices and communication of the same to Buyer apps through ONDC protocols.

    The Selling price is controlled by the Seller. The seller can set the prices which covers for the sale commission. In case the commission cost is still not getting covered by pricing the product even at MRP then the seller can also recover whole/part of commission and other costs from buyer by charging convenience, delivery and packaging fees. However, such fees should be listed as separate line items and not included in the product selling price.

    It is suggested to have images for all products. The Buyer App may also have criteria for showing only products with images to their buyers in order to manage buyer experience. The Buyer Apps are required to make the criteria public. Additionally, there are specific guidelines suggested by ONDC in Seller App Handbook which can be downloaded from ondc.org The Seller App/Seller should also follow all applicable laws and regulations for their specific product category; for example, certain FSSAI regulations require back and front images of the product to be displayed to the buyer for purchase.

    The Seller App/seller can choose to pass on the packaging charges to the buyer as the packaging fee through the protocol. The fee should be a separate line item on the invoice from the product sale price.

    The seller will get the customer contact information for Shipping the product. The Seller can pull out the buyer information from the Seller App dashboard and connect with the buyer. The Seller App can then request for changes in order details to the Buyer App through ONDC protocol.

    Yes, the seller can make partial shipment of orders, there is an option of part shipment in ONDC retail contract 1.1.0 which can be utilized by Seller App for executing this scenario.

    Buyer Apps currently do not charge any penalty for cancellation of orders by sellers, but they may make use of badging/scoring system for sellers where seller cancellation may be one of the inputs. High seller cancellations may impact seller badging/scoring on the Network which in turn may impact seller visibility on Buyer Apps.

    For Creation of catalog Product/information is required, below are the suggested sources and ways in which Seller and Seller App can get this information:

    • 1. For Brand Products physical copies of the Brand’s catalog have all information/specifications.
    • 2. Many Brands have their online store with information about products.
    • 3. A manufacturer of product selling through ONDC network will have to create its own content.
    • 4. Taking help from third party cataloging service providers: Seller App can tie up with a service provider to consolidate the requirement and negotiate the best deal for their sellers.
    • 5. Seller App can develop an in-house catalog creation team for their sellers. They can charge minimal fees from sellers to encourage & increase seller onboarding & listing. Seller App creating data for a particular brand catalog can utilize this data for multiple sellers wanting to sell the same products of the brand online.
    • i. This will reduce time to market for new sellers with the same catalog requirements.
    • ii. The cost to each seller also reduces as Seller App can spread the cost of single product page creation across multiple sellers. Individual sellers can then choose to further change/improve the catalog quality as per their preference.

    There is no mandate from ONDC for pricing update but there can be multiple scenarios under which seller may want to change the prices, such as

    • i) The input cost of the products for seller has changed over time and hence the selling price needs to be updated to maintain the seller margins.
    • ii) Sale is not happening and hence price reduction can be one lever to increase sales.
    • iii) The operating cost (such as returns/damages) may be much higher/lower that initially expected and hence price correction may be required to manage such costs in the margins.

    ONDC is not an application or platform. ONDC provides a set of APIs & Protocols using which multiple Buyer Apps and Seller Apps can connect with each other and enter into transactions. As a Buyer you can purchase from any of the Buyer Apps that are on the ONDC network. You can view the list of Applications live on the network.

    Seller needs to take care of the Packaging material while shipping the products. Basic guidelines for packaging can be found in the Packaging section of the Seller NP handbook on ONDC website

    To claim for damages the seller must follow certain steps. In case of outer damage to the package at the time of return the seller must mention the same on the proof of delivery document of logistics player. In case of no outer damage & if the seller finds the product damaged after unpacking the seller would not be able to mention on the POD. In either of the cases the seller must raise the ticket to the respective Seller App within the prescribed timelines shared by Seller App with all the proofs like POD with comment copy, packaging images/video, damaged product images. The seller App will then raise it with the logistics player, if the damage is proven to have happened during transit, then the logistics App will bear the cost as per the contract at the time of transaction with Seller App. Seller App will compensate the seller for the loss basis the agreement between the Seller App and seller for damages.

    The seller App is responsible for timely settlement of the payout to the seller as per the terms of agreement between the two parties. If the seller is not getting the payments, he/she may decide to raise the grievance as per the Issue and Grievance framework of ONDC. Chapter 6: Issue and Grievance on ondc.org.

    Yes, quantity is a mandatory field for sellers against each live SKU. In case the exact count is not available the Seller/ Seller NP may choose to update the quantity basis the past sales with expected changes in demand in near future and confidence of procurement on demand. The sellers are expected to ship orders at the earliest and delays can impact seller scoring/badging which may in turn impact seller visibility on various buyer apps resulting in loss of future sales for the seller. Also, delays can become grounds for customer to cancel the order or deny acceptance at the time of delivery of the product.

    Sellers are expected to ship at the earliest possible to ensure that the customer receives the order as per timelines committed at the time of transaction. In an event product is shipped after the committed dispatch timeline it may impact the scoring/badging which in turn may impact future sales of the seller. Delayed delivery also becomes a ground for seller to cancel or not accept the delivery

    While there is possibility of products getting returned & getting damaged in transit there are actions which seller can take to reduce the damage probability and also manage the impact of loss if any. To reduce and manage damages seller/seller app can do:

    • > Right packaging
    • > Capture images/ videos of packaging before dispatch
    • > If damaged received, mentioning same on Logistics Proof Of Delivery document
    • > Raising tickets to Seller App in the defined timelines
    • > Incorporating cost of damages in the margins. Provide reverse pickup instructions to the logistics provider including QC check After raising the ticket if it is established that the damage has happened in transit due to logistics fault, the logistics player will pay damages claim as per the transaction level contract between the Seller NP and Logistics App. The Seller App will compensate the seller basis the agreement on damages between seller and Seller App.

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